Surfclams and Ocean Quahogs

The Mid-Atlantic surf clam and ocean quahog fisheries exist from New England down to the Virginia coast. The two fisheries are managed under a single fishery management plan (FMP) developed by the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council. 

With the exception of the Maine mahogany quahog fishery, the fishery has operated under an individual transferable quota (ITQ) management system since 1990.  The principal gear used in the fishery is the hydraulic clam dredge, which uses jets of water to dislodge ocean quahogs and surfclams from sediments.  Based on the most recent stock assessments, Atlantic surfclams and ocean quahogs are not overfished, and overfishing is not occurring.

Fishery Management Plan and Amendments

Click here for more information, including years and objectives of each of the FMPs and amendments listed below.

Fishery Performance Reports and Information Documents